- Feast of Saints Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael
- Feast of the Archangels
- Feast of Saint Michael and All Angels
In the fifth century a basilica near Rome was dedicated in honour of Michael on 30 September, beginning with celebrations on the eve of that day, and 29 September is now kept in honor of Michael and all Angels throughout some western churches. The name Michaelmas comes from a shortening of "Michael's Mass," in the same style as Christmas (Christ's Mass).
During the Middle Ages, Michaelmas was celebrated as a Holy Day of Obligation, but this tradition was abolished in the 18th century. In medieval England, Michaelmas marked the ending and beginning of the farming year.
Because it falls near the equinox, it is associated in the northern hemisphere with the beginning of autumn and the shortening of days. It was also one of the English, Welsh and Irish quarter days when accounts had to be settled. On manors, it was the day when a magistrate was elected from the peasants. Michaelmas hiring fairs were held at the end of September or beginning of October.
Thus, it was the 3RD QUARTER of the year. It was the beginning of Autumn. It was a time when things were settled.
Blessed are you, God of power and might,
the glorious Sovereign of the universe:
in your own wonderful plan
angels and humans unite in serving you
to become your eternal crown of praise.
We thank you that those who always stand
before your presence in heaven,
praising you and singing:
"Holy, Holy, Holy One, God of power and might,
heaven and earth are full of your glory!"
So guard us in our daily lives
that we may join with the heavenly throng,
now and in the glory to come.
For these and all your mercies, we praise you,
Holy Trinity--Persons Three, God as One:
Blessed be God for ever!
SCRIPTURE FOR THIS DAY
Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by doing that some have entertained angels without knowing it.
Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels surrounding the throne and the living creatures and the elders; they numbered myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands.
After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth so that no wind could blow on earth or sea or against any tree.
for in Christ -- the Anointed One of God -- all things in heaven and on earth were created, things visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or powers—all things have been created through Christ and for Christ.
1 Thessalonians 4:16
For the Lord himself, with a cry of command, with the archangel’s call and with the sound of God’s trumpet, will descend from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first.
PRAYER FOR THIS DAY
you have ordained and constituted the ministries
of angels and mortals in a wonderful ordergrant that as your holy angelsalways serve you in heaven,so, at your command,they may help and defend us on earth;through your Begotten and Beloved One,who is alive and reigns with you,in the unity of the Holy Spirit,one God, now and for ever. Amen.
HYMN FOR THIS DAY
"Ye Watchers and Ye Holy Ones"
by John A.L. Riley, 1853-1945
Ye watchers and ye holy ones,
Bright seraphs, cherubim, and thrones,
Raise the glad strain, Alleluia!
Cry out, dominions, princedoms, powers,
Virtues, archangels, angels' choirs,
O higher than the cherubim,
More glorious than the seraphim,
Lead their praises, Alleluia!
Thou Bearer of the eternal Word,
Most gracious, magnify the Lord,
Respond, ye souls in endless rest,
Ye patriarchs and prophets blest,
Ye holy Twelve, ye martyrs strong,
All saints triumphant, raise the song,
O friend, in gladness let us sing,
Supernal anthems echoing,
To God the Holy Trinity,
The Blessed One in Persons three,
--(adapted in the last verse for inclusive language if reference to the Trinity)
Christ, the fair glory of the holy angels,
ruler of all, and author of creation,
grant us in thy mercy grace to win by patience
Send forth thine angel Michael from thy presence:
peacemaker bless d, may he hover o'er us
hallow our dwellings, that for us thy children
all things may prosper.
Send forth thine angel Gabriel the mighty;
on strong wings flying, may he come from heaven,
drive from thy temple Satan the old foeman,
succor our weakness.
Send forth thine angel Raphael the healer
through him with wholesome medicines of salvation,
heal our backsliding, and in paths of goodness
guide our steps daily.
May the blest Mother of our God and Savior,
may all the countless company of angels,
may the assembly of the saints in glory,
ever assist us.
Holy One Almighty, and Immortal,
Godhead eternal, grant us our petition;
thine be the glory through the whole creation
now and for ever.
TRADITION OF THE ORDER OF ANGELS
These are the highest order or choir of angels. These particular angels serve as guardians or attendants before God’s throne. The only Bible verse where they are referenced is in Isaiah 6:1-7. They praise God, calling, “Holy Holy Holy is the Lord of Hosts.” What’s interesting to note about Seraphim is that they have six wings. Two of their wings cover their faces, two cover their feet and the other two are for flying.
Following Seraphim in the angelic hierarchy comes Cherubim. They are the second highest in the nine order of angels. These angels are manlike in appearance, double-winged and guardians of God’s glory. In the New Testament, they are often considered to be celestial attendants in the Apocalypse, referenced in in Revelation 4-6.
The Thrones are a class of angels mentioned by the Apostle Paul in Colossians 1:16. This verse says, "For in Him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through Him and for Him." The Thrones are the angels of humility, peace and submission. If the lower Choir of Angels need to access God, they would have to do that through the Thrones.
This group of angels are said to keep the world in proper order. They are known for delivering God’s justice in unjust situations, showing mercy toward human beings and helping angels in lower ranks stay organized and perform their work efficiently. They also are recognized for expressing unconditional love at the same time they express God's justice.
Virtues are known for their control of the elements. Some even refer to them as “the shining ones.” In addition to being the Spirits of Motion, they also assist in governing nature. They also assist with miracles. They are also known for their work encouraging humans to strengthen their faith in God.
The Powers are considered Warrior Angels as they defend against evil, defending not only the cosmos but also humanity. They are also called the Powers because they have power over the devil, in order to restrain the power of the demons. They also help people who are wrestling with passions ad vices to cast out any evil promoted by the enemy.
The Principalities have command over the lower angels. They also direct the fulfillment of divine orders. They are also known as Princedoms or Rules as they directly watch over large groups and institutions, including nations and the Church. They also ensure the fulfillment of the divine Will. While these angels are still wise and powerful, they are furthest from God in the angelic hierarchy so they are better able to communicate with man in ways we can understand.
Archangels are called the great heralds of the Good News because they are sent by God to deliver important messages to mankind. They are the ones that communicate and interact with us. Michael is believed to be the angel who delivered God’s divine inspiration to John in the Book of Revelation and is known as the protector of the Church, guarding her from evil. Michael is most widely known for his role in expelling Lucifer from heaven. Gabriel is first mentioned in the Book of Daniel and helps Daniel in his mission on earth. Later on, Gabriel appears to Zachariah and the Blessed Virgin Mary, delivering the greatest message ever that God meant to Incarnate and set his tent with us. Raphael is mentioned in the Book of Tobit, to heal Tobit and deliver Sarah from a demon. Raphael accomplished both acts, disguised as a human, guiding Tobias along the way and instructing him on what to do.
The angels are closest to the material world and human beings. They also delivers the prayers to God and other messages to people on earth. One of the greatest characteristics about the angels is that they are most caring and social to assist those who ask for help.
According to Scripture, angels have various responsibilities and roles in God’s Kingdom. We are ultimately encouraged by the knowledge that God’s angels are at work. There are also circumstances where angels may even visit us. God, who is responsible for creating the angels has also promised us His presence in the face of life’s storms.